The erstwhile All India Coordinated Research Project on Floriculture was started at 5 centres located at Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi; Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Hessaraghatta, Bangalore; Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional Station, Katrain; Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Howrah (Calcutta) and B.S.I., Shillong during IVth Five-Year Plan in the year 1970-71 to carryout nation-wide interdisciplinary research by linking ICAR Institutes with State Agricultural Universities (SAU’s) and other Organisations.
The relevance of the project was reviewed periodically in view of the growing importance and potential of floriculture in the country and the number of Coordinated Centers and the research programme were modified accordingly.
During Vth Five Year Plan, four new Centres viz. Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana; Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry (Dr.YSPUHF), Solan, Kerala Agricultural University (KAU), Vellanikkara, and Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Pune were added. The two Centres of the project located at B.S.I. Shillong and B.S.I. Calcutta were transferred to ICAR Research Complex for N.E.H. Region, Shillong and Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV), Kalyani during April, and October 1977, respectively. Besides these nine regular centres during 1973-1977, 35 voluntary centres including Agricultural Institute, Allahabad, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalor,LalBagh Botanical Garden, Bangalore Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar. The Agri-Horticultural Society, Calcutta. Hill Fruit Research Station, Chaubattia. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore; Sim’s Park, Coonoor; Llyod Botanic Garden, Darjeeling; Directorate of Parks & Gardens, Gandhi Nagar; Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar, Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Hyderabad, Jawaharlal Nehru KrishiVishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Parks & Gardens, Jamshedpur, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, IARI Regional Station, Kalimpong, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, National Botanic Gardens, Lucknow, Govt. Botanical Garden, Ootacamund, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, College of Agriculture, Sabour; Fertilizer Corporation of India, Sindri; Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay; University of Udaipur, Udaipur; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and Botanical Survey of India, Yercaud were actively involved.
During VIth Five Year Plan, four new centres were started at Rajasthan Agricultural University (RAU), Udaipur; Horticultural Experiment and Training Centre (HETC), Chaubattia (Ranikhet); Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore and Orchid Sanctuary, Kalimpong (under BCKV, Kalyani). Under TamilNaduAgriculturalUniversity, Coimbatore, two sub centres were opened at Horticultural Research Stations located at Kodaikanal and Yercaud.
During VII Five Year Plan, two more centres at Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (APAU), Hyderabad and Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology (SKUAST), Srinagar were added to give representation of the agro-climatic regions not covered by the project earlier.
In order to address the coastal region of eastern India, Regional Plant Resource Centre (RPRC), Bhubaneswar was also included in the Coordinated Project during the VIII Plan period, which started functioning from 1.4.96 and was later shifted to College of Horticulture, Chiplima(OUAT) during 2011. During the VIIIth Plan, Horticultural Experiment and Training Centre (HETC), Chaubattia and Kodaikanal (under TNAU) were dropped from the Coordinated Project. In the year 1997, one institute-based centre was established at National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong, Sikkim.
During IX Plan, 3 new centres were approved to represent three more states viz. G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar (U.P.); Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, (Assam) and Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi (Jharkhand).
During XI Five Year Plan one budgetary and one voluntary centre namely Rajender Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar and Horticultural College and Research Station, Periakulam (under TNAU), respectively were added.
During XII Five Year Plan four voluntary centres namely Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair; Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur;Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari and Central Agricultural University, Pasighat have been approved in EFC.Presently the AICRP on Floriculture has 21 Centres.
ICAR-Directorate of Floricultural Research,
Zed Corner, Mundhwa Manjri Road, Mundhwa,